NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 5 pdf

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 5 | NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social science History Chapter 5 | NCERT Question Answer class 6 history chapter 5 | Class 6 history solution chapter 5

Today we will see the question and answer of Chapter 5 of Class 6 History and also try to know what is going to be the benefit of reading this chapter. You are reading this article, it means that you are a student of class 6 or you are a student preparing for any civil services exam.
In this chapter, we have been told about the old books, how the books were composed, how the Vedas were written, which is the Veda which was written first. What effect did these Vedas have on our lives? How our society changed because of these books, how was the rules of our society before and after the books

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 5

Summary of Class 6 history chapter 5 Bullet point

  • Vedas are four in number – Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. The oldest of these Vedas is Rigveda, which was composed about 3500 years ago.
  • There are more than a thousand prayers in the Rigveda which are called suktas. Sukta means 'well spoken.'
  • These hymns are composed in the praise of various gods and goddesses. Among these 3 gods are very important - Agni, Indra and Soma. Agni is the god of fire, Indra is the god of war and Soma is the lord of vegetation.
  • Vedic prayers were composed by sages. Acharya used to get the students to memorize the recitation by dividing them into letters, words and sentences.
  • Most of the hymns were composed, learned and taught by men. Some of the prayers were also composed by women.
  • The language of Rigveda is called Praka Sanskrit or Vedic Sanskrit. This Sanskrit is slightly different from the Sanskrit currently taught in schools.
  • The Rigveda was recited and heard and not read. It was written for the first time several centuries after its creation. The work of printing it was done only about 200 years ago.
  • The people who composed these prayers sometimes called themselves Aryas.
  • Saraswati, Indus, and its tributaries (Vyas, Sutlej, and others) are mentioned many times in Rigveda, but Ganga and Yamuna are mentioned only once.
  • The most mentioned river in Rigveda is 'Sindhu' and the most sacred river is 'Saraswati'.
  • The Sanskrit language is part of the Indo-European language family. Many languages ​​of India, such as Assamese, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, and Sindhi, Asian languages, such as Persian and many European languages, such as English, Farsi, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, etc. are related to this family. Huh. They are called a language family because they initially had many words in common. For example 'Matri' (Sanskrit), 'Ma' (Hindi), and Mother (English).
  • Languages ​​of other language families are also spoken in the Indian subcontinent. The language of the Tibet-Burma family is spoken in the northeastern regions.
  • Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam languages ​​belong to the Dravidian family.
  • While the languages ​​spoken in Jharkhand and many parts of central India belong to the Austro-Asiatic family.
  • The priest was sometimes called a brahmin. They used to perform sacrifices and rituals.
  • The kings of the Rigvedic period neither lived in big capitals and palaces, nor did they have an army, nor did they collect taxes. Not only this, after the death of the king, his son did not automatically become the ruler, because the king was a kind of chieftain, his powers were limited. It appears that the general assembly of the clan called Samiti used to choose its king.
  • In the Rigvedic period, two words 'Jana' and 'Vish' were used for the people or the whole community. The word 'Vaish' is derived from 'Vish' itself.
  • The names of Vish and Janas are found in Rigveda, so we get many mentions like Puru-Jana or Vish, Bharata-Jana or Vish, Yadu-Jana or Vish.
  • The Aryans called their opponents 'Das' or 'Dasyu'. Dasyus were people who did not perform Yagya and probably spoke other languages.
  • In later times, the word das (feminine: maid) came to mean 'slave'. They were considered the property of their owner. Whatever the master wanted, he had to do all that.
  • About 2000 years ago, there was a famous Vaidya named Charak. He wrote a book on medical science named 'Charak Samhita'.
  • They say that there are 360 ​​bones in the human body, which is much more than the 206 bones in modern anatomy. Probably Charaka gave this number by adding teeth, bone joint, and cartilage in his count.
  • The use of big stones for making tombs was called megalithic (maha: big, stone: stone). These boulders were well placed by the people at the place of burial.
  • The practice of making megalithic tombs started about 3000 years ago. This practice was prevalent in the Deccan, South India, North-East India, and Kashmir.
  • Some megaliths are visible only above the ground. Some megaliths also occur underground.
  • Such megalithic graves are called coffin burials (cysts).
  • Black-reddish pottery was usually buried with the dead in these tombs. This is a similarity found in almost all megalithic tombs.
  • Along with these, iron tools and weapons, horse skeletons and accessories and stone and gold ornaments have also been found in various tombs.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social science History Chapter 5

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